CROPS



SUGARCANE



Principal Investigator Dr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan


Sugarcane plays a vital role in the economy of Pakistan as 99 % of the sugar produced in the country is obtained from this crop and only 1% from sugar beet. In Pakistan, sugarcane is grown on an area of 0.907 Mha with an average yield of 49.2 t/ha. Average yield of sugarcane in Pakistan is low as compared with other sugarcane growing countries of the world. The average sugar recovery of Pakistan is approximately 8.7% which is also one of the lowest in the world. Although a number of sugarcane varieties are being cultivated in the province of Sindh but due to the deterioration in their yield potential and resistance to insect pests over the years, there is dire need to replace these varieties with the new improved ones.



Variety Name NIA-98
Year of release 1998
Pedigree NCo310 x CP56-614
Breeders Dr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan
Centre of Origin NIA, Tando Jam
Sowing date September
Average yield 1800 mds/acre
Potential yield 2300mds/acre
Seed rate 40000 doubles budded sets /acre
Fertilizer applicatio N: 120kg/hec P: 90kg/hec K: 90kg/hec
No. of Irrigation 20-24
Resistance against diseases / pest Tolerant against insect pest
Tolerance against abiotic stress Thrive well under low irrigation
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters 9% recovery in Last week of December




Variety Name NIA-2004
Year of release 2004
Pedigree NCo310 x CP57-614
Breeders Dr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan
Centre of Origin NIA, Tando Jam
Sowing date September
Average yield 1300 mds/acre
Potential yield 1800mds/acre
Seed rate 40000 doubles budded sets /acre
Fertilizer application N: 120kg/hec P: 90kg/hec K: 90kg/hec
No. of Irrigation 20-24
Resistance against diseases / pest Tolerant against insect pest
Tolerance against abiotic stress Thrive well under low irrigation
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters 10% recovery in Last week of November




Variety Name NIA-2010
Year of release 2011
Pedigree CP67-1026
Breeders Dr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan
Centre of Origin NIA, Tando Jam
Sowing date September
Average yield 1800 mds/acre
Potential yield 2500mds/acre
Seed rate 40000 doyble budded setts /acre
Fertilizer application N: 120kg/hec P: 90kg/hec K: 90kg/hec
No. of Irrigation 20-24
Resistance against diseases / pest Tolerant against insect pest
Tolerance against abiotic stress Therive well under low irrigation
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters 10% recovery in Last week of December




Variety Name NIA-2011
Year of release Registered at FS & RD 2011
Pedigree AEC81-0819 First somaclone developed through in vitro mutagenesis
Breeders Dr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan
Centre of Origin NIA, Tando Jam
Sowing date September
Average yield 1600 mds/acre
Potential yield 2000 mds/acre
Seed rate 80-100 mds/acre
Fertilizer application NPK 110:80:110
No. of Irrigation 22
Resistance against diseases / pest resistant against rust and tolerant against borer
Tolerance against abiotic stress drouht tolerant
Adaptation of variety well adopted in Sindh climate
Quality parameters 11% recovery in month of Nov.