CROPS



MUNGBEAN

Principal Investigator Mohammad Aquil Siddiqui



Mungbean is an important pulse crop and cover an area of 208.5 thousand hectares in Pakistan and 5.5 thousand hectares in Sindh. The average yield in Pakistan as well as in Sindh province has been around 550 kg/ha during the last two decades, which is very low as compared to many other countries. There could be many reasons for the low yield but the prominent one is the low yield potential of the land races and the narrow genetic base. In Pakistan Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Virus (MYMV) is the most destructive viral disease reducing crop yield. Maturity is delayed in the diseased plants; which adversely affects the flower and pod production. Genetic improvement of mungbean is, therefore, necessary to broadening the genetic base, disease resistance and to enhance the yield potential.



Variety Name AEM-96
Year of release 1998
Pedigree Gamma rays 200Gy
Breeders M.A.Rajput, G.Sarwar
Centre of Origin NIA-Tandojam
Sowing date Spring 15feb to 15March, Kharif 15June to 15 July
Average yield 1327 kg/ha (Spring), 1268 Kharif
Potential yield 1800kg/ha
Seed rate 6 kg/acre by drill, 8 kg/acre by chatta
Fertilizer application DAP 50kg/acre, Urea 15kg/acre
No. of Irrigation 1 at the time of flowering
Resistance against diseases / pest Resistant against mosaic and other diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress resistance to lodging
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Protein 25%