CROPS



COTTON

Principal Investigator Mr. Sawan Laghari



Cotton is an indigenous crop of Pakistan and is mainly grown as source of fiber, food and feed. Cotton fiber is an economic component and plays a vital role in uplifting country's economy. It earns 65% foreign exchange annually and accounts for 8.2% of value added income in Agriculture and 2% in GDP of Pakistan. Pakistan ranks fourth in area (3.2 million hectares) and production (14.3 million bales). Sindh produced 2.4 million bales, from 0.65 million hectares. In Pakistan yield/unit area is very low as compared to ten major cotton growing countries of the world. This group developed and released four varieties viz Chandi-95, Sohni, Sadori and NIA-Ufaq. These varieties are endowed with great genetic potential to produce more cotton yield and hence fetch higher income to farmers' in Sindh province. It is necessary to narrow down the gap between genetic and recoverable potential through cultivation of these varieties.



Variety Name Chandi-95
Year of release 1996
Pedigree NIAB-78 gamma rays 300 Gy (60 Co source)
Breeders Dr. Abdul Gafoor Arain, M.M.Kandhro, A.A.Rajput and Sawan Laghari
Centre of Origin NIA,Tandojam
Sowing date 15th April - 15th May
Average yield 3750 kg/ha
Potential yield 5500 kg/ha
Seed rate For drilling: 8-10 kg (Fuzzy) per acre, 4-6 kg (delinted) per acre, Ridge/bed furrow: 5-6 kg (Fuzzy) per acre, 2-3 kg (delinted) per acre
Fertilizer application N: 120kg/hec & P:90kg/ha
No. of Irrigation 6-7 irrigations
Resistance against diseases / pest Cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV)disease
Tolerance against abiotic stres Jassid (sucking insect pest)
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters GOT% - 34.7, Staple length -29 mm, Fibre fineness - 3.9




Variety Name Sohni
Year of release 2002
Pedigree NIAB-78 gamma rays 300 Gy (60 Co source)
Breeders M. M. Kandhro, Sawan Laghari, G.Shah Nizamani, Abdul Gafoor Arain A.A.Rajput
Centre of Origin NIA,Tandojam
Sowing date 15th April - 15th May
Average yield 3600 kg/ha
Potential yield 5000 kg/ha
Seed rate For drilling: 8-10 kg (Fuzzy) per acre, 4-6 kg (delinted) per acre, Ridge/bed furrow: 5-6 kg (Fuzzy) per acre, 2-3 kg (delinted) per acre
Fertilizer application N: 120kg/hec & P:80kg/hec
No. of Irrigation 5-6 irrigations
Resistance against diseases / pest Cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV)disease
Tolerance against abiotic stress Jassid (sucking insect pest)
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters GOT%-38.5, Staple length -27.5mm, Fibre fineness- 4.4




Variety Name Sadori
Year of release F1[(Shaheen x DPL-14) gamma rays 250 Gy]
Breeders M. M. Kandhro, Sawan Laghari and H.Munir ahmed,
Centre of Origin NIA,Tandojam
Sowing date 15th April - 15th May
Average yield 3800 kg./ha
Potential yield 5200 kg./ha
Seed rate For drilling: 8-10 kg (Fuzzy) per acre, 4-6 kg (delinted) per acre, Ridge/bed furrow: 5-6 kg (Fuzzy) per acre, 2-3 kg (delinted) per acre
Fertilizer application N: 120kg/hec & P:70kg/hec
No. of Irrigation 7-8 irrigation
Resistance against diseases / pest Cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV)disease
Tolerance against abiotic stress Jassid (sucking insect pest)
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters GOT%-38.0, Staple length-28.5 mm, Fibre fineness- 4.1




Variety Name NIA-Ufaq
Year of release 2010
Pedigree DEM-84 Gamma rays 250Gy 60Co source
Breeders Dr. M. M. Kandhro. Sawan Laghari, Saifullah Abro and Z.A.Deho
Centre of Origin NIA,Tandojam
Sowing date 15th April - 15th May
Average yield 3200 (kg/ha)
Potential yield 5000(kg/ha)
Seed rate For drilling: 8-10 kg (Fuzzy) per acre, 4-6 kg (delinted) per acre, Ridge/bed furrow: 5-6 kg (Fuzzy) per acre, 2-3 kg (delinted) per acre
Fertilizer application N: 120kg/hec & P:80kg/hec
No. of Irrigation 7-8 irrigation
Resistance against diseases / pest Cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV)disease
Tolerance against abiotic stress Jassid (sucking insect pest)
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters G. O. T. %-38.0 % , Staple length-28.5 mm, Fibre fineness- 4.3