CROPS



WHEAT

Principal Investigator Dr. Karim Dino Jamali Head PBG

Wheat is the most important food grain and a staple diet for more than half of the world population. Wheat is adapted to a wide range of climatic conditions varying from temperate to sub-tropical and tropical regions; however, it thrives well under temperate conditions. In Pakistan, it covers around 8.6 million hectares with annual production around 23.5 million tones. In the province of Sindh, wheat is being cultivated on nearly 0.9 million hectares with an average annual contribution of about 3 million tones. Research work on weat improvement started in the 30's of 20th century by conventional methods, but the real impact of wheat breeding was realized in the context of "Green Revolution" in the 60's. The new fertilizer responsive varieties increased the wheat production in Pakistan from 4.5 million tones in 1964-65 to 7.2 million tones in 1969-70. The production further increased three times and the country harvested a record production of 23.5 million tones in 2006-07. The demand for more wheat grains will however continue to rise with the ever increasing population on this earth.

Realizing the significant contribution of induced mutations in crop improvement, physical and chemical mutagens have been successfully used as a supplement to conventional wheat breeding at NIA Tando Jam. The rigorous selection of viable genotypes and their screening and evaluation in different trials helped in evolving 12 high yielding wheat varieties for the province of Sindh



Variety Name Jauhar-78
Year of release 1979
Pedigree Mutant-115 from Nayab
Breeders Dr. K.A. Siddiqui and M. Afzal Arain
Centre of Origin NIA, Tando Jam
Sowing date November (normal)
Average yield 2500-3000 kg/ha
Potential yield 6000 kg/ha
Seed rate 100 kg/ha
Fertilizer application 100N:50P
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance against diseases/pest Resistance to diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress Tolerance to salinity
Adaptation of variety Sindh province
Quality parameters Amber grain color, Shattering resistant




Variety Name Sindh-81
Year of release 1982
Pedigree P-94 (Norteno x Mexipak)
Breeders Dr. K.A. Siddiqui and M. Afzal Arain
Centre of Origin NIA, Tando Jam
Sowing date November (normal)
Average yield 3000-3500 kg/ha
Potential yield 5000 kg/ha
Seed rate 100 kg/ha
Fertilizer application 100N:50P
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance against diseases/pest Tolerance to rust diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress ---
Adaptation of variety Sindh province
Quality parameters Protein content 15.06 %, Better grain and baking quality




Variety Name Sarsabz
Year of release 1986
Pedigree PI/FRND//MXP/3/PI/M20/70
Breeders Dr. Khushnod Ahmed Siddiqui, M. Afzal Arain and K.A. Jaffri
Centre of Origin NIA,Tando Jam
Sowing date November, December
Average yield 4000-4500 kg/ha
Potential yield 7500 kg/ha
Seed rate 100 kg/ha
Fertilizer application 100N:50P
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance against diseases / pest Tolerance to diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress Tolerance to abiotic stresses, low input oriented variety
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Protein content 14.4 %, Good grain quality




Variety Name Soghat-90
Year of release 1991
Pedigree Pavon* (Sodium azide) Mutagenesis
Breeders Dr. Khushnod Ahmed Siddiqui, M. Afzal Arain and K.A. Jaffri
Centre of Origin NIA,Tando Jam
Sowing date November
Average yield 4000 kg/ha
Potential yield 5500-6000 kg/ha
Seed rate 100 kg/ha
Fertilizer application 100N:50P
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance against diseases / pes Rust diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress --
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Protein content 14.54%, Excellent grain quality




Variety Name Kiran-95
Year of release 1996
Pedigree WL-711/Crow "s" Mutant
Breeders Dr. Khushnod Ahmed Siddiqui, M. Afzal Arain and K.A. Jaffri
Centre of Origin NIA,Tando Jam
Sowing date November - December
Average yield 4000-4500 kg/ha
Potential yield 6200 kg/ha
Seed rate 125 kg/ha
Fertilizer application N:120 P: 90 kg/ha
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance against diseases / pest Tolerance to diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress Tolerant to low or saline soils
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Protein content 13.52 %, Good grain quality




Variety Name Marvi-2000
Year of release 2002
Pedigree CMH-77A917/PKV-1600//RL-6010/6*SKA
Breeders Shamadad Khan Khanzada, Imdad Hussain Korejo
Centre of Origin NIA, Tando Jam
Sowing date November
Average yield 4500-5500 Kg/ha
Potential yield 7400 Kg/ha
Seed rate 125 kg/ha
Fertilizer application N:120 P: 90 kg/ha
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance against diseases / pest Resistant to rust diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress --
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Protein content 13.46 %, Better grain quality




Variety Name Bhittai
Year of release 2004
Pedigree VEE/TRAP#1//SOGHAT-90
Breeders Shamadad Khan Khanzada, Imdad Hussain Korejo
Centre of Origin NIA,Tando Jam
Sowing date November
Average yield 5500 kg/ha
Potential yield 7300 kg/ha
Seed rate 125 kg/ha
Fertilizer application N:120 P: 90 kg/ha
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance against diseases / pest Resistant to rust diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress Abiotic strsesses
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Protein content 14.57%, Good grain quality




Variety Name Sassui
Year of release 2006
Pedigree CHIL/ALD//PVN/YECORA-70
Breeders Shamadad Khan Khanzada, Imdad H.Korejo
Centre of Origin NIA,Tando Jam
Sowing date November
Average yield 4700 kg/ha
Potential yield 7800 kg/ha
Seed rate 125 kg/ha
Fertilizer application N:120 P: 90 kg/ha
No. of Irrigation 4
Resistance against diseases / pest Resistant to rust diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress Tolerant to water stress
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameterst Protein content 15%, Amber bold grains, excellent bread baking quality




Variety Name Khirman
Year of release 2006
Pedigree ULC/PVN//TAN/3/BUC
CM-96119-43Y-0M-0Y-4M-0RES
Breeders M. Afzal Arain, Dr. Mahboob Ali Sial and N. A. Nizamani
Centre of Origin NIA,Tando Jam
Sowing date November
Average yield 4619 kg/ha
Potential yield 7667 kg/ha
Seed rate 125 kg/ha
Fertilizer application N:120 P: 90 kg/ha
No. of Irrigation 3-4
Resistance against diseases/pest Tolerant to diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress Drought tolerant
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Protein content 12.91 %, Amber bold grains, excellent bread baking quality




Variety Name NIA-Amber
Year of release 2010
Pedigree VEE# 5 'S'/SARA//SOGHAT-90
Breeders Dr. Mahboob Ali Sial, M. Afzal Arain, M.A.Ahmedani, K.A. Laghari, N. A. Nizamani and M.Arif
Centre of Origin NIA, Tando Jam
Sowing date November-December
Average yield 5500 kg/ha
Potential yield 6400 kg/ha
Seed rate 125 kg/ha
Fertilizer application N:120 P: 90 kg/ha
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance to diseases/pest Tolerance to diseases
Toleranceto abiotic stress Heat and cold tolerance
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Excellent grain quality (protein 16.02%)




Variety Name NIA-Sunhari
Year of release 2010
Pedigree Cham4//Ures/Bow 's'
Breeders Dr. Karim Dino Jamali and S. Ashraf Ali
Centre of Origin NIA,Tando Jam
Sowing date November-December
Average yield 5500 kg/ha
Potential yield 6700
Seed rate 125 kg/ha
Fertilizer application N:120 P: 90 kg/ha
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance against diseases / pest Tolerant to diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress heat tolerance
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Excellent grain quality (Protein 15%)




Variety Name NIA-Sundar
Year of release 2011
Pedigree Sarsabz /Sunco*2
Breeders Shamadad Khan Khanzada, Imdad H. Korejo
Centre of Origin NIA,Tando Jam
Sowing date November
Average yield 6508 kg/ha
Potential yield 8746 kg/ha
Seed rate 125 kg/ha
Fertilizer application Preferred application is after soil analysis N: 120kg/hec P: 90kg/hec K: 90kg/hec
No. of Irrigation 5
Resistance against diseases / pest All type of rust diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress Water stress
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Highly Zinc efficient|Protein content 14.08 %